The theories behind the various ways to reflect are very complex. Fortunately, they can be broken down into models to make them easier to apply.


Take a look through the outlines below and select one for your assignment. You will be asked to write a few reflections throughout this course and each time you may wish to choose a different model so you can discover which is your preferred model.



Bortons (1970) model is arguably one of the simplest to recall and use. It doesn’t have specific section for examining emotions so you may find another model better if this is a big part of the reflection.


(Digital dilemmas. (2016). Choosing arefctive model. Avaiable at: )



This is Kolb’s reflection cycle which focuses on the learner’s internal thought process. It is still very simple despite the process behind it being highly evolved. Take a look at this link for more information:






One of the most common cycles is Gibbs. This article takes a look at each step in more detail:




As you develop your reflection skills you may find that you pick and choose parts from each cycle rather than adhering strictly to just one.

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