In 1993 Boud and Walker became interested in what prevented effective reflection.

They identified that barriers to refection could be placed into two groups, Internal and External.

Internal relates to the reflector themselves. It may cover previous negative experiences with learning, lack of awareness as to ones strengths and weaknesses, the emotional state of the learner, motivation and even if the learner enjoys or hates the process.

External relates to the environment: time, stress, facilities etc.

Indentifying what our personal barriers are will help the process become easier. Have a think about your barriers, and possible solutions. These might not be just for reflection but also for the course as a whole.

One of your barriers may be that you have never approached this type of learning before. If the process is a little daunting you can try to:

  • Talk it through with a friend first
  • Use a Mind map to plot your course
  • Get creative, use images, photos, drawings or even make something to help you through the process before committing it to paper.

Sometimes thinking around the barrier will help us identify ways to overcome it!

Read chapter 6 of the set text.

Research into “cognitive dissonance” and “accountability”.

Consider how these elements might impact on a practitioners ability to be reflective.
Take notes and keep you references as this will help you with your assignment.

Boud, D and Walker, D (1993) Barriers to reflection on experience. In D Boud et al. (eds) Using experience for learning. Buckingham, SHRE and Open University Press

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